The Knights Templars

Tonight we look at the Knights Templar – The History, The Myths and The Legacy…

But first some news …

The Telegraph newspaper reports that a man who was left with a large dent in his head after a fall has had his face rebuilt through pioneering surgery using his own body fat.

In the first procedure of its kind in Britain, Tim Barter, 32, had his forehead reshaped using fat from his stomach and titanium plates.

The visual effects supervisor, who worked on the BBC’s Dr Who television series, shattered his skull, cheekbone and eye socket after he fell 25ft from a drainpipe and hit his head on a brick wall.

The accident, which happened as he tried climb into his house after locking himself out, left him in a coma for 10 days.

Doctors had to remove part of his skull on the right side of his head to relieve swelling and bleeding on his brain.

However, he has now made a full recovery after pioneering treatment by Robert Bentley, a cranio-oral and maxillofacial surgeon from London’s King’s College Hospital.

Organic Anti-Theft Devices

The Metropolitan Police have published a list of 30 plants that can protect owners gardens from theft.

The guidelines on “How to stop garden thieves” state that people can ‘make their home more secure’ by planting giant rhubarb – which has ‘abrasive foliage’ – and ‘spiny’ gooseberry bushes.

The advice – which even gives the Latin name for the plants and bushes – states:  ”Your garden, as well as your house, has valued possessions that thieves would love to steal.

“It also has equipment that could help them break into your house.

“Most burglars are lazy. They look for easy ways of getting into a house or garden (and) by taking a few simple precautions you can reduce the risk of being burgled and make your house and garden more secure.”

The top ten thief stoppers are:

Creeping Juniper - Juniperis horizontalis ‘Wiltonii’ – Also known as ‘Blue Rug’ because it has long branches and its prostrate shape forms a flattened blue carpet. It has a thorny stem and foliage.

Blue Spruce - Picea pungens ‘Globosa’ – Rigid branches, irregular dense blue, spiky needles. Height 1-1.25m x 75cm – 1 m. Slow growing. Moist rich soil.

Common Holly - Ilex agulfolium – Large evergreen shrub, dark green spiked leaves. Large red berries on female plants only. Any well drained soil. Plant with garden compost and bone-meal.

Giant Rhubarb - Gunnera manicata – Giant rhubarb-like leaves on erect stems, abrasive foliage. Can grow up to 2.5m high. Plant by water-side for effect.

Golden Bamboo - Phyllostachys aurea- Very graceful, forming thick clumps of up to 3.5m high. Less invasive than other bamboos. Hardy. Young shoots in spring.

Chinese Jujube - Zizyphus sativa – Medium sized tree with very spiny pendulous branches. Leaves glossy bright green. Bears clusters of small yellow flowers.

Firethorn - Pyracantha ‘Orange Glow’ – Flowers white in June, with bright orange-red berries. Thorny stem. Height 10-15ft. Suitable for north or east-facing wall or as impenetrable hedging.

Shrub Rose - Rosa ‘Frau Dagmar Hastrup’ – Excellent ground cover, pale pink flowers, very thorny stem. May to September. Plant with garden compost and bone-meal.

Pencil Christmas Tree - Picea abias ‘Cupressina’ – Medium-sized tree of columnar habit, with ascending spiky branches. Attractive form with dense growth. Avoid dry chalky soils.

Juniper - Juniperus x media ‘Old Gold’ – Evergreen. Golden-tipped foliage. Prickly foliage. Height 2ft. Spread 6ft. Low growing. Excellent ground cover.

Worlds Shortest Man – That’s Official

A Guinness World Records team measured Chandra Bahadur Dangi at 21.5 inches (54.60cm), declaring the 72-year-old even shorter the previous title holder, Junrey Balawing, from the Philippines, who stood at 23.5 inches at the age of 18 last year. Chandra lives in the vicinity of Mount Everest so it really is a case of the tall and the short….

 The Pictures on the Wall..

Mobile phones currently on the market are capable of showing high quality images and video, but the phones’ small size sets insurmountable limits on screen size, and thus the viewing experience. VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, EpiCrystals Oy and the Aalto University are developing a better laser light source for projectors that will be integrated into mobile phones, which will enable accurate and efficient projection of, for example, photographs and movies on any surface. Mobile phones equipped with the laser light source can be within the ordinary consumer’s reach already in a few years time.

They’re Here..

Here’s a cute video currently doing the rounds on YouTube showing a UFO landing in New Mexico…

Well fairly cool CGI I think, but here’s one attempt to find out what’s behind the video …

 

 

 

The Knights Templar

So from Catherine we have the following notes – Thanks Catherine

The Knights Templar or the Poor Knights of Christ appeared during the crusades, a time of unrest for Roman Catholic Europe between 1095 and 1291, the crusades being the religious wars that aimed to win back Jerusalem and the Holy Land from Muslim occupation.

Other branches of the Templar include the Hospitallers (Knights of the Order of Saint John the Hospitaller or the Knights of Rhodes or the Knights of Malta) who came about after taking care of afflicted Pilgrims in a hospital after the First Crusade, and the Teutonic Knights of Germany.

The Templar Knights were founded by Hugue De Payens, 1118/1119, Jerusalem, in order to protect the pilgrims that travelled there through Palestine.  It also became their duty to protect the Holy City.

These knights were deeply religious and committed to their spiritual ideals– warriors for Christ.  They took many vows as displays of their dedication including vows of chastity and poverty.  Bernard of Clairvaux assisted in the formation of the rules by which the Templar Knights were bound.

The Templar exercises included “self-mortification, fasting, prayer, and a constant attendance at matins, vespers and other services of the Church.” They were also not permitted to receive letters from their parents, other family members, or friends and any gifts presented to a Templar Knight had to be donated to the order.

If modern comparisons are needed, we wonder whether or not these people provided inspiration for George Lucas when he thought up the Jedi Order!

They were recognised by Rome in 1128.

They were funded by donations from noblemen and Kings, and when an individual became a part of the brotherhood his land and money were donated to the cause.  Thusly, they became quite wealthy.

They are famed for building many enormous structures and fortifications including farms, castles, churches, cathedrals and citadels designed to withstand all and any nature of bombardment and there are suggestions that they are linked to the origin of gothic architecture.

There are suspicions that the Templar history is somehow linked to Freemasonry because of their apparent secret initiation ceremony, this also bred distrust and may have led to their downfall.

Sadly, the popularity and power of the Templar Knights grew to such an extent that they became perceived as a threat by higher powers and in particular by King Philip IV (The Fair) of France who led to their eventual demise.

At some point he requested funding from them for the ongoing wars, and they refused to give it to him, henceforth the Knights were to fall.

Philip could not get his hands on the Templar wealth unless they admitted heresy.  On Friday 13th October 1307  he captured all members of the Templar and had them brutally tortured for no less than seven years until they ‘admitted’ that they were guilty of heresy, idolatry and homosexuality amongst other things.  There came about some suggestion that they worshipped an idol known as Baphomet.

Philip put pressure upon the then Pope (Clement) to condemn the Templars, which he did in 1312, subsequently forcing their wealth to be confiscated and delivered into the Kings hands. The Templars legacy did live on but quietly and under different names.

Jaques De Molay, the last Grand Master of the Templar Knights, never disclosed the location of the funds of the Templar or betrayed his comrades even under the torture he was subjected to (Neither did Guy of Auvergne, who died with him).  On March 18th, 1314, he was taken to court over a forged confession which he disavowed, the punishment for which was death.

He and Guy were burned at the stake slowly, and his dying words were reputed to have contained something akin to, “I made the contrary declaration only to suspend the excessive pains of torture, and to mollify those who made me endure them. I know the punishments which have been inflicted on all the knights who had the courage to revoke a similar confession; but the dreadful spectacle which is presented to me is not able to make me confirm one lie by another. The life offered me on such infamous terms I abandon without regret.” He also cursed both the Pope and the King, both of whom died within that very year.

Of the idolatry they were accused of, the Shroud of Turin appears.  The ‘image of a man on linen’ was reportedly in their possession, something they could’ve gotten during the sack of Constantinople during the fourth crusade in 1204.

The mystery of Rennes-le-Château ties into the Templars. 

The story goes that Berenger Sauniere, the Parish priest during the late 20th century received copious amounts of money with which he built many of the local structures including the Tower of Magdalene.  He also refurbished the church.  He died in 1917 without telling a soul about the source of his wealth, but for one Marie Dernaud, his housekeeper. She stated that she would reveal the secret, but only on her deathbed, a secret she never indulged as the nature of her death meant she was unable to speak before the end. Speculation led to suggestions of said wealth being remnants of the Templars lost treasure along with a deeper conspiracy theory that is outlined below.  In 1891, the plot thickened.

Abbe Antoine Bigou left a series of parchments containing Latin transcriptions of phrases from the Gospels, but they contained hidden messages, including,

“THIS TREASURE BELONGS TO DAGOBERT II KING AND TO SION AND HE IS THERE DEAD.”

and

“SHEPHERDESS NO TEMPTATION THAT POUSSIN TENIERS HOLD THE KEY PEACE 681 BY THE CROSS AND THIS HORSE OF GOD I COMPLETE THIS DAEMON GUARDIAN AT MIDDAY BLUE APPLES.”

The ‘Poussin’ mentioned is thought to refer to a painting by Nicolas Poussin called ‘The Arcadian Shepards’ (We assume Arcadia is by definition ‘any real or imaginary place offering peace and simplicity’) and depicts men around a tomb with the inscription ‘Et in Arcadia Ego…’ or ‘And in Arcadia I…’ as if to say that the person within had dwelt in Arcadia as well as enjoying life on earth.

There are other postulations that the tomb is meant to represent death and the inscription should be translated to mean ‘Even in Arcadia I exist’.  In addition, some theorise that the Latin sentence is incomplete and is an anagram for ‘I! Tego arcana dei’ or ‘Begone! I keep Gods secret’ or even that it is missing the word ‘sum’ and that consequently ‘et in arcadia ego sum’ is an anagram  for ‘arcam dei tango iesu’, which translates as “I touch the tomb of God — Jesus”.

“The code in the parchments is only decipherable through the use of the “knight’s tour” — a logic puzzle wherein one “jumps” a knight to every square on a chess board, once and only once. It is a puzzle which has only one solution — as does the code. The use of chessboard imagery at Rennes-le-Château is striking.”

It is thought that Berenger Sauniere was paid vast amounts of money by the Catholic Church to hide the fact he had discovered the grave in which Christ was buried, suggesting that He had not ascended into Heaven.  Furthermore, the theory went on to hypothesise that Jesus married Mary Magdalene, had children who immigrated to France where they married into the Merovingian dynasty who are protected by a secret society known as the Priory of Sion that was founded in 1099.

The Knights Templar are thought to be creations of the Priory of Sion as its’ military division.  Moreover, the Church is thought to have attempted to eradicate the Templars as they were guarding this ancient bloodline that could one day usurp the Episcopal throne.  Stories go that the Holy Grail is both the womb of Saint Mary Magdalene and the sacred bloodline she gave birth to and that the Templars buried their treasure and the grail AND the Ark of the Covenant in the infamous Oak Island off the coast of Nova Scotia.

Berenger Sauniere even appears as the inspiration for a character in Dan Brown’s Da Vinci Code.

For completeness here’s my take on the topic…

The Templars in Context

The Crusades, a series of religious expeditions and wars sanctioned by the Catholic Church and blessed by the Pope.

The main goal of these wars was to reclaim the Holy Lands and the city of Jerusalem from Muslim rule.

The main series of Crusades occurred between 1095 and 1291 – but Crusades against ‘pagans’ continued into the 16oo’s.

The word Crusade is derived from the French word which means to ‘take up the cross”. Those signing up to the Crusades were granted plenary indulgence by the Pope. In simple term this meant that engaging in the Holy War as a Solider of God, meant that all earthly sins were forgiven.

As a time line the Crusades can be seen as follows…

The First Crusade 1095 – 1099

The Byzantine Emperor Alexius 1 sent for military help from Western Europe as his empire was threatened by the expansion of the Seljuk Turks.

Pope Urban II called for all Christians to join the war against the Turks promising immediate remission of sins.

The main army, mostly of French and Norman knights were led by Godfrey of Boulion.

The captured Antioch on June 3 1098 and finally Jerusalem on July 15 1099.

In doing so they created four crusader states along the Syrian and Palestine coast.

The battles were brutal and the siege of Antioch which lasted from October 1097 to June 1098 resulted in the captured Muslims, civil and military, being massacred. Mosques were destroyed and the city ransacked.

The Crusaders were soon to find themselves besieged in Antioch by a Muslim relief army which was eventually defeated on June 28th.

The tired and much reduced Crusader army then marched on Jerusalem and after a short siege entered the city on 15th July 1099. Jews and Muslims fought together to defend the city and the victorious Crusaders again massacred surviving Jewish and Muslim citizens.

One historian writing about the barbarity of the Crusaders reasons that the Frank forces being so far from home resulted in a feeling of isolation which may explain the atrocities and, indeed, the recorded cannibalism during the siege of Ma’arra in 1098.

The Second Crusade 1147 – 1149

After a short period of coexistence between Christians and Muslims in the Holy Land, Muslims eventually captured the town of Edessa.

A new Crusade was called for and armies marshalled by King Louis VII (France) and Conrad III (Germany) marched into Jerusalem in 1147.

No major victories were recorded by armies laying siege to Damascus and other troops on the Holy Land, but a group of Northern Euorpean Crusaders stopped in Portugal and took Lisbon from the Muslims in 1147.

The Third Crusade 1187 – 1192

The Muslim peoples who had long fought against themselves were now united by the great leader Saladin so creating a single, powerful state. Following the Battle of Hattin, he Muslim forces overran the Crusader forces and by 1187 all Crusader holdings, with the exception of a few coastal cities, were captured. The Buzantines, perhaps fearful of Saladin’s power, made an alliance creating a considerable Muslim-centred ‘power-block’.

Saladins organisation of the Muslims and his military strategy sent shockwaves through Europe and so a third Crusade was called for.

Saladin’s siege of Jerusalem is said to have given Pope Urban III a heart-attack, he died on the 19th October 1187. On the 29th October Pope Gregory VIII officially called for a ‘new’ Crusade.

In response to the Papal Bull, Emperor Frederick Barbarossa of Germany, King Phillip II Augustus of France and King Richard the Lion Heart of England raised armies against Saladin.

King Frederick died en route so few of his men actually reached the Holy Land. Political quarrels between Phillip and Richard did little to make this campaign as robust as it may have been.

Phillip returned to France and set himself to move against Richard The Lionhearts holdings in Nornandy.

Richard captured the Island of Cyprus from the Byzantines on 1191. The island was to serve as a longstanding Crusader base having significant strategic value. He went on to recapture the city of Acre, the port city of Jaffa.

Richard wass in striking distance of Jerusalem but felt that even if his forces were able to capture the city they would not be able to hold it. He decided to negotiate and truce with Saladin. The treaty allowed for trading merchants and unarmed Christian pilgrims to make Pilgrimages to the Holy Land and to the city of Jerusalem whilst it remained under Muslim control.

It may be difficult for us British folk to hear, but whilst Richard may well have had some diplomatic acumen in terms of his dealings with Saladin, many of his exploits are simply well hyped PR and later confabulation. More showman than statesman Winston Churchill noted that Richard The Lion Heart’s life was “one magnificent parade which, when ended, left only an empty plain.”

 The Fourth Crusade 1202 -1204

Pope Innocent III initiated the forth crusade in an attempt to once again free the Holy Land – ok, place it under Christian rule.

There were real issues with funds for this Crusade, war as always been a costly business, and to get things moving the Crusaders they were ‘hired’ to help restore the Christian city of Zara – that is bring its people back to God.

The problem was that these people had already been excommunicated by the Church so this act of lost most of the support other Christians had been giving to the Crusaders.

This Crusade was a messy affair and its main “success” was to turn a visit to Constantinople forced by a lack of provisions and expiring leases on vessels. The visit provoked some violent clashes and resulted in the Crusader forces in sacking the city on 1204 and establishing what came to be known as the Latin Empire.

This point in history is often quoted as being pivotal in the schism between the Eastern Orthodox Church and the (Western) Roman Catholic Church.

 The Fifth Crusade 1217 – 1221

Lamenting the fact that the Holy Lands were in the hands of the Muslims, the Fourth Council of the Lateran (1215) outlined a plan for the recapture of Muslim territories. The first step was to bring a crusading force from Austria and Hungary to join forces of the king of Jerusalem and the Prince of Antioch.

A second step in the plan involving an attack on Egypt resulted in an victory when Damietta was captured in 1219. The follow-up attack on Cairo in July 1221 was less successful and resulted in the surrender and capture of the Crusader army. The ruler of Egypt Sultan Al-Kamil agreed an eight-year peace with Europe. This was a great relief to Crusaders and Christians in general since during the hostilities he had placed a bounty of one gold piece for every Christian head brought to him.

The Sixth Crusade 1228 – 1254

Emperor Frederick II had promised much in terms of Crusades to liberate the Holy Land and after failing to deliver on promises was excommunicated by Pope Gregory IX in 1228.

Perhaps in an attempt to win back the Church’s favour he set sail for the Holy Lands and landing in Egypt made a treaty with Sultan Al-Kamil which allowed Christians to rule over most of Jerusalem and a strip of land between Acre and Jerusalem.

Jerusalem itself was divided between the Muslims and the Christians with he Muslims given control of the Dome of The Rock and the Al-Aqsa Mosque

The peace lasted until 1244 when after another siege the Muslims regained total control of the city.

The Seventh Crusade 1248 – 1254

Papal interests, represented in the Land Holdings and Financial Systems created by The Templars brought conflict with Egypt in 1243.

Crusader armies were drawn into a battle in Gaza and were defeated with two days by tribesmen led by Baibar.

Louis IX of France organised a Crusade against Egypt between 1248 and 1254 and they were defeated en route to Cairo. King Louis was captured and the Arabs were paid a large ransom for his return.

Eight Crusade 1270

A rather disgruntled Louis IX organised a retaliatory attack against Arabs in Tunis shortly after his release, It was a badly planned, poorly executed affair which led to his armies being devastated by disease – he chosen the hottest season of the year for his campaigning armies to attack lands in North Africa. He himself was killed in an abortive attempt to take the Holy Land.

Ninth Crusade 1271 – 1272

Edward I of England led another Crusade against the tribesmen led by Baibar in 1271 -  it was a failure and ended the Crusades in the Middle East.

There were other ‘event’s not listed above, which nevertheless were part and parcel of the pattern of religious war. These include the Northern Crusades (The Teutonic Order and Swedish Crusades); The Mahdian, Blakan and  Hussite Crusades as well as those against the Tatars.

It is against the back-drop of close to three hundred years Crusading that we must consider the Knights Templar.

The Knights Templar were officially endorsed by the Catholic Church in 1129 and became a key charity throughout Europe.

The Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ and the Temple of Solomon have given much to history, myth and legend and the very mention of them brings to mind images of white-tunics emblazoned with a red cross; chain mail and rugged heroism.

The initial role of the Templar Knights was that of supporting, defending and maintaining pilgrims and pilgrim routes to the Holy Land.

They had been existence prior to there church endorsement but their obvious origins stem back to around 1119 when a French Knight Hughes de Payens asked King Baldwin II of Jerusalem for permission to create a monastic order for the protection of pilgrims.  Baldwain agreed and granted space for a headquarters in a wing of the royal palace on the Temple Mount in the captured Al-Aqsa Mosque. It was rumoured that this particular building was above the ruins of the Temple of Solomon – hence Knights Templar.

There were nine knights in the original order including Godfrey de Saint-Omer; Adre de Montbard and Hughes de Payens.

Initially the order was impoverished, but that was not to last for long.

The myth of their acquisition of wealth is perhaps far more exciting than the reality.

It’s clear that from the inception of the order the key members had a religious devotion matched only, perhaps, by their entrepreneurial skills.

As ‘guardians’ of pilgrims they will of course have received tolls and payments. These initial ‘gifts’ from wealthy travellers will have included livestock, land as well as cold hard cash.

The monastic life of a Templar Knight included devotion to God and training in combat skills. Hence as soldiers they became very efficient. In many ways their skill as a professional army may not have been seen since the Roman legions within Europe.

Link religious devotion,  military expertise and Church patronage to a code which honoured death in battle we create formidable professional warrior ideal for taking leading roles within the numerous Crusades.

Dukes, Earls and Barons seeking to be forgiven of their earthly sins would, of course, seek membership to such an Order as the Knights Templar and that would mean that a portion, if not all of their land would become Templar property.

With widespread support for the Crusades the Knights Templar manoeuvred themselves into a position whereby they were receiving an income from donations; from tolls and from landed patrons seeking to joining the Crusades.

Their protection of routes and pathways put them in a strategic position to not only collect tolls; but to also create stop-over points and hostelries for weary travellers. This of course would generate an income.

Of course with protected route ways and infrastructure it was only a matter of course for these trusted ‘knights of God’ to be entrusted with money and treasure to convey for the pilgrims.

So was born International Banking.

The non-combatant members of the Order developed an expertise in accounting, money lending as well as providing the safe transport of money internationally.

The cost of equipping a Knight for a Crusade was considerable, I have seen calculations which suggest that it took the produce of over 100 small holdings to fund a single Knight and his entourage on a campaign.

The Templars  were gifted estates, farm s and buildings by those supporting and joining the Order and their business acumen saw them improving productivity and income from these ventures.

Why lease a shipping fleet when you can build and own one!

The Templars owned the ships that moved merchants, money and Crusaders to the Holy Land.

With great wealth the Templars invested in building Preceptories, Churches and organising town markets.

With their endorsement by the Church in 1129 these effective business  owners were freed from the responsibility of paying tithes and taxes themselves.

There’s no need to  postulate the discovery of any form of secret wealth in the Temple on the Mount, as has been suggested by some, since it was the entrepreneurial expertise which generated the vast wealth .. wealth that was accumulated over 200 centuries of  devotion, economic engagement and charitable donations.

The Templar clerics were appointed by European Royalty to manage their accounts and fiancés; they were trusted because of the groups vow of obedience and poverty. No knight could own any property or receive payment from their activities, but of course they were clothed, equipped and fed by the organisation.

As we have seen the success of the Crusades declined in terms of bringing good news to Christendom; the defeats and losses of the Holy Land cooled the traditional support and the growing wealth of the Knights Templar became a real issue.

When France was ordered to pay ransome for Louis IX after his capture during the 7th Crusade they forcibly took money from nearby Templar ships. This money had been entrusted to the Templars for transport to the Holy Land and so their reputation for being able to protect money-in-transit was called into question.

The Templars found themselves at odds with the other military orders (The Knights Hospitaller and the Teutonic Knights) which did not really help their cause when things really turned sour for the order.

The Templars were involved in the Battle of Hattin, which resulted in the capture of Jerusalem and then subsequent unsuccessful campaigns so it was easy for their detractors to suggest that they were no longer in ‘Gods Favour’,

In 1305 Pope Clement V attempted to merge the Templars with the Hospitallers – an idea not welcomed by either group.

Philip IV of France, possibly following the invitation of Clement V but more likely acting independently for materially motivated reasons, began an investigation of the Templars.

Philip was deeply in debt to the Templars from his war with England and turned public suspicion and rumour into a case against the ‘Godliness’ of the Order.

On Friday October 13th 1307 Philip ordered the arrest of the Orders Grand Master (Jacques de Molay) and dozens of Templar members. The arrest order was executed with co-ordinated efficiency and all of the arrests took place at the same time..

The arrest warrant started with the phrase “God is not pleased. We have enemies of faith in the kingdom.”

The Templars were charged with numerous heresies including apostasy (moving away from the agreed doctrine), idolatry, conducting obscene rituals including homosexuality, financial corruption, fraud and secrecy.

Of course many of the accused ‘confessed’ under torture and these confessions were published much to the shock of the citizens.

On November 22 1307 Pope Clement was forced to issue a papal bull which instructed all Christian monarchs in Europe to arrest all Templars and seize their assets. The subsequent papal hearings produced more confession, obtained under torture. Of course many of the Templars recanted once released from torture.

Philip used the forced confessions to have dozens of Templars burned in Paris and with his threatening military action unless the Pope complied with his wishes, the order was finally disbanded.

At the Council of Vienne in 1312 including an two orders – one to officially dissolve the order and the other to turn over any remaining assets to the Knights Hospitallers.

Grand Master Jacques de Molay, who had confessed under torture, retracted his statement. His associate Geoffroi de Charney,, Preceptor of Nomandy, followed de Molay’s example and insisted on his innocence. Both men were declared guilty of being relapsed heretics, and they were sentenced to burn alive at the stake in Paris on March 18, 1314.

De Molay reportedly remained defiant to the end, asking to be tied in such a way that he could face the Notre Dame Catherdral and hold his hands together in prayer.

According to legend, he called out from the flames that both Pope Clement and King Philip would soon meet him before God. His actual words were recorded on the parchment as follows :: “God knows who is wrong and has sinned. Soon a calamity will occur to those who have condemned us to death”).

Pope Clement died only a month later, and King Philip died in a hunting accident before the end of the year.

The Priory of Sion – The Hoax

Freemasonry and The Templars

There is no doubt in my mind that there is a link between Scottish Freemasonary and the Templars – however I’m less positive about some of the other claims.

This next video starts with the statement about the ‘vanishing’ of the Templars great wealth. As we have seen the appropriation of properties by various European Monarchs (both openly and no doubt covertly); the failure of some of these monarchs to return seized funds to the Church – Edward King of England being an example of this – and the annexing of any surviving interests by the Knights  Hospitallier would mean that treasure did ‘vanish’.

However there are some interesting issues relating to the incorporation of imagery, attitudes relating to chivalry and personal dedication…

 

 

Music on Tonights Show:

The Truths – What Fuels Your Fire – with thanks to www.aardvarkrecords.co.uk

And from Music Alley

Buddy Guy – Are you loosinng your mind

Dialis – Secretly the Abyss

Enhanced by Zemanta